Economy-wide material flow accounts handbook
Economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA) are a statistical accounting framework describing the physical interaction of the economy with the natural environment and with the rest of the world economy in terms of flows of materials. EW-MFA is one of the modules included in Regulation (EU) No. 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts.
This handbook presents the theoretical and conceptual foundations of EW-MFA and provides compilation guidelines as well as possible applications. It primarily addresses compilers of EW-MFA but also the users who are interested in understanding more of the underpinning statistical methodology. [+]
Raw materials are fundamental to Europe’s economy, and they are essential for maintaining and improving our quality of life. Recent years have seen a rapid growth in the number of materials used across products. Securing reliable and undistorted access of certain raw materials is of growing concern within the EU and across the globe. As a consequence of these circumstances, the Raw Materials Initiative was instigated to manage responses to raw materials issues at an EU level. Critical raw materials have a high economic importance to the EU combined with a high risk associated with their supply. (RAPID, MEMO/14/377, 26.5.2014)
Catherine Ashton, Alta Representante de la Unión para Asuntos Exteriores y Política de Seguridad, y Karel de Gucht, Comisario Europeo de Comercio, han propuesto hoy un planteamiento integrado de la UE a fin de impedir que los beneficios del comercio de minerales sirvan para financiar conflictos armados. Este paquete de medidas va a hacer más difícil que los grupos armados de zonas de conflicto y de alto riesgo financien sus actividades con la extracción y el comercio de minerales. El elemento central de este enfoque consiste en facilitar que las empresas se abastezcan de estaño, tantalio, wolframio y oro de manera responsable, y en fomentar los canales comerciales legítimos. (RAPID, IP/14/128, 5.3.2014)
European Commission Vice-President Antonio Tajani, responsible for Industry and Entrepreneurship, launched today, together with his colleagues Maire Geoghegan Quinn European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science, and Janez Potočnik European Commissioner for the Environment, the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on raw materials, bringing together Member States and other stakeholders to help make Europe a world leader in raw materials exploration, extraction, processing, recycling and substitution by 2020. To this end, the Commission proposes concrete targets to be achieved by 2020 to reduce Europe's dependency on imported raw materials, to replace rare materials with substitutes and to set up innovative pilot actions, e.g. pilot plants for exploration, mining, processing, collecting and recycling. Raw materials are the lifeblood of EU industry: at least 30 million jobs in the EU depend upon access to them. But much of Europe’s industry is heavily dependent on international markets to secure the raw materials it requires. To turn this trend and to reduce cost for raw materials, today's initiative is part of the European Commission industry strategy launched in autumn 2012 to make Europe an attractive place for industry investment. (RAPID, MEMO/13/92, 12.2.2013)